Building systems of innovation in less developed countries: The role of intermediate organizations

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Title: Building systems of innovation in less developed countries: The role of intermediate organizations
Author: Szogs, Astrid ; Cummings, Andrew ; Chaminade, Cristina
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of intermediate organizations in supporting different forms of interactive learning and capability building in small scale business initiatives in emerging innovation systems in developing countries, using data from Tanzania and El Salvador. It is argued that different types of intermediate organizations have played key roles in linking marginalized economic actors, to sources of knowledge and other resources that are essential for capability upgrading and innovation in both traditional and more differentiated economic activities. They thus play an important role in linking innovative activity, to maintaining and upgrading the quality of existing jobs in crisis, generating new ones where opportunities arise, providing income crucial for family wellbeing in countries characterized by low levels of human development and high levels of inequality.The paper is structured as follows. After the introduction the concepts of systems of innovation, interactive learning and intermediaries in less developed countries are reviewed. This is followed by a presentation of the data and methodology, which is then analyzed in the following section. The paper ends with some conclusions on the role of intermediate organisations in linking actors, enabling technology and knowledge diffusion and building innovation systems in less developed countries.
Description: Parallel session 6. Innovation policy tools Presented at GLOBELICS 2009, 7th International Conference, 6-8 October, Dakar, Senegal.
Type: Proceedings
Date: 2009-10-08
Contributor: Lunds universitet. Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy
Fundación Nacional para el Desarrollo (El Salvador)
Relation: GLOBELICS09. Session 6
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Subject: Technological development
Developing countries
Intermediate organizations
Central America
Multinational enterprises
Small and medium enterprises
Innovation systems

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