Convergence des émissions par tête de dioxyde de carbone : Le rôle de l’éducation
Kinda, Somlanaré Romuald
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This paper examines the importance of education on the convergence in carbon dioxide per capita emissions for 85 countries over the period 1970-2004. Following Brock and Taylor (2004), we add human capital specially education in the green solow model and apply Generalized Method of Moments (GMM-System) to panel data. This rigorous approach takes into account observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries and solves the endogeneity of some variables. Our results suggest the absence of convergence in carbon dioxide per capita emissions in world. Contrary to common intuition, in developing countries there is no convergence and education doesn’t matter for carbon dioxide emissions. The main engine in emissions growth reduction is technical progress. In developed countries, education favours convergence in carbon dioxide per capita emissions only if it interacts with good political institutions. Without interaction to political institutions, education increases carbon dioxide per capita emissions growth and handicaps convergence.