The copying paradox: Why converging policies but diverging capacities development in Eastern European Innovation Systems?
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There seems to be almost decade long consensus on what are the key problems in innovations systems in Eastern European (EE) countries.2 The consensus runs through social scientists inand outside Eastern Europe to official statements of the European Commission. Briefly, there are two key challenges in the innovation systems in Eastern European countries: first, mismatch between R&D and education policies on the one hand and industry needs on the other (it can be also called a high-technology bias); second, strongly fragmented policy arena where coordination problems are rampant. (See for detailed country overviews European Commission’s Innovation Trend-Chart, 2006 and 2007; see also Radosevic, 2004 and 2006; Reid and Peter, 2008) These problems were partially detected, or their emergence predicted, already in late 1990s (see, for instance, Radosevic, 1998 and 1999) and by the 2000s they formed the core of European Commission’s message to the new member states on what they need to take into account while devising strategic plans for the implementation of EU’s structural funding between 2007 and 2013. (for detailed overview, see Kattel, Reinert and Suurna, 2009) Yet, over the decade, the problems persist and seem to get worse. This article sets out to explore why this is so.