Technology transfer from UNAM’s research centers to industry: Impacts of its organization and knowledge profile
Corona Treviño, Leonel
Jasso Villazul, Javier
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In some contemporary societies knowledge has become an intensive factor of production. The term "knowledge economy" is used to reflect this fact. One of the characteristics of knowledge economies is their capacity to innovate and diffuse innovations. This depends on the idea, invention or technology at hand and also on a number of other factors including human resources, incentives, funding and management. This depends also on the milieu where this takes place with its agglomeration of innovative firms, research universities and research centers (RC), especially important for those innovations that are more scientific and technology intensive. Research centers are engaged in scientific research (Sc), technology development (Tech), the offer of technical services (S), and teaching activities (t) in domains related to their scientific and technological capabilities. So RCs can be oriented to mainly, scientific, technology or service, depending on their goals and orientations and also the management style. There is no optimal mix of these four functions as the profile of each RC depends on its specific role but it is generally expected that university research centers will be biased towards scientific activities.