Bank-to-Turn Control for a Small UAV using Backstepping and Parameter Adaptation
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In this research we consider the problem of path following control for a small fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Assuming the UAV is equipped with an autopilot for low level control, we adopt a kinematic error model with respect to the moving Serret-Frenet frame attached to a path for tracking controller design. A kinematic path following control law that commands heading rate is presented. Backstepping is applied to derive the roll angle command by taking into account the approximate closed-loop roll dynamics. A parameter adaptation technique is employed to account for the inaccurate time constant of the closed-loop roll dynamics during actual implementation. The path following control algorithm is validated in real-time through a high-fidelity hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS) environment showing the applicability of the algorithm on a real system.