Multiresolution On-Line Path Planning for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
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In this article we propose a new online multiresolution path planning algorithm for a small unmanned air vehicle (UAV) with limited on-board computational resources. The proposed approach assumes that the UAV has detailed information of the environment only in the vicinity of its current position. Information about far away obstacles is also available, albeit with less accuracy. The proposed algorithm uses an integer arithmetic implementation of the fast lifting wavelet transform (FLWT) to get a multiresolution cell decomposition of the environment, whose dimension is commensurate to the on-board computational resources. A topological graph representation of the multiresolution cell decomposition is constructed efficiently, directly from the approximation and detail wavelet coefficients. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS) results validate the applicability of the algorithm on a small UAV autopilot. Comparisons with the standard D∗-lite algorithm are also presented.