Channel estimation and signal detection for wireless relay
MetadataShow full item record
Wireless relay can be utilized to extend signal coverage, achieve spatial diversity by user cooperation, or shield mobile terminals from adverse channel conditions over the direct link. In a two-hop multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward (AF) relay system, the overall noise at the destination station (DS) consists of the colored noise forwarded from the relay station (RS) and the local white noise. We propose blind noise correlation estimation at the DS by utilizing statistics of the broadband relay channel over the RS-DS hop, which effectively improves signal detection at the DS. For further performance improvement, we also propose to estimate the two cascaded MIMO relay channels over the source-RS and the RS-DS links at the DS based on the overall channel between the source and the DS and the amplifying matrix applied at the RS. To cancel cross-talk interference at a channel-reuse-relay-station (CRRS), we utilize the random forwarded signals of the CRRS as equivalent pilots for local coupling channel estimation and achieve a much higher post signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) than the conventional dedicated pilots assisted cancellers without causing any in-band interference at the DS. When an OFDM-based RS is deployed on a high-speed train to shield mobile terminals from the high Doppler frequency over the direct link, inter-subchannel interference (ICI) mitigation is required at the RS. By utilizing statistics of the channel between the base station and the train, we develop both full-rate and reduced-rate OFDM transmission with inherent ICI self-cancellation via transmit and/or receive preprocessing, which achieve significant performance improvement over the existing ICI self-cancellation schemes.