Characterization of thermal damage in 2205 duplex stainless steel with nonlinear ultrasonics (nlu)
Ruiner, Thomas H.
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Duplex stainless steels have a microstructure that consists of almost equal shares of austenite and ferrite, which leads to excellent material properties. During production and processing, the steel can be exposed to high temperatures which leads to the development of a third (sigma) phase, and thus to a change in material properties. The objective of this research is to assess the material damage in thermally degraded 2205 duplex stainless steel using nonlinear ultrasonics (NLU). Seven 2205 duplex stainless steel specimens are thermally degraded at 700 C for a series of different time durations. Nonlinear Ultrasonic measurements are conducted in a pitch-catch setup to avoid any adverse nonlinear influences of reflections and wave interference. The material nonlinearity parameter, beta, is then obtained by directly applying the fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to the measured time-domain signal. The results show that the nonlinearity parameter beta increases to a peak at 30 minutes aging time, then droppes to a low at 360 minutes and then increases again for increasing thermal damage. This demonstrates that the nonlinearity parameter has the potential to be used as a quantitative tool to estimate thermal damage in a specimen.