Large eddy simulation of heated pulsed jets in high speed turbulent crossflow
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The jet-in-crossflow problem has been extensively studied, mainly because of its applications in film cooling and injector designs. It has been established that in low-speed flows, pulsing the jet significantly enhances mixing and jet penetration. This work investigates the effects of pulsing on mixing and jet trajectory in high speed (compressible) flow, using Large Eddy Simulation. Jets with different density ratios, velocity ratios and momentum ratios are pulsed from an injector into a crossflow. Density ratios used are 0.55 (CH4/air), 1.0 (air/air) and 1.5 (CO2/air). Results are compared with the low speed cases studied in the past and then analyzed for high speed scaling. The simulations show that the lower density jet develops faster than a higher density jet. This results in more jet spread for the lower density jet. Scaling for jet spread and the decay of centerline jet concentration for these cases are established, and variable density scaling law is developed and used to predict jet penetration in the far field. In most non-premixed combustor systems, the fuel and air being mixed are at different initial temperatures and densities. To account for these effects, heated jets at temperatures equal to 540K and 3000K have been run. It has been observed that, in addition to the lower density of heated jets, the higher kinematic viscosity effects the jet penetration. This effect has been included and validated in the scaling law for the heated jet trajectory.