Graphical SLAM for Outdoor Applications
Christensen, Henrik I.
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Application of SLAM outdoors is challenged by complexity, handling of non-linearities and flexible integration of a diverse set of features. A graphical approach to SLAM is introduced that enables flexible data-association. The method allows for handling of non-linearities. The method also enables easy introduction of global constraints. Computational issues can be addressed as a graph reduction problem. A complete framework for graphical based SLAM is presented. The framework is demonstrated for a number of outdoor experiments using an ATRV robot equipped with a SICK laser scanner and a CrossBow Inertial Unit. The experiments include handling of large outdoor environments with loop closing. The presented system operates at 5Hz on a 800 MHz computer.