A Rule-Based Fuzzy Traversability Index for Mobile Robot Navigation
Howard, Ayanna M.
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This paper presents a rule-based fuzzy traversability index that quantifies the ease-of-traversal of a terrain by a mobile robot based on real-time measurements of terrain characteristics retrieved from imagery data. These characteristics include, but are not limited to slope, roughness, hardness, and discontinuity. The proposed representation of terrain traversability incorporates an intuitive, linguistic approach for expressing terrain characteristics that is robust with respect to imprecision and uncertainty in the terrain measurements. The terrain assessment method is tested and validated with a set of real-world imagery data. These tests demonstrate the capability of the terrain classification algorithm for perceiving hazards associated with terrain traversal.