Biodynamic Feedthrough Compensation and Experimental Results Using a Backhoe
Heather C. Humphreys
Book, Wayne John
Huggins, James D.
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In some operator-controlled machines, motion of the controlled machine excites motion of the human operator, which is fed back into the control device, causing unwanted input and sometimes instability; this phenomenon is termed biodynamic feedthrough. In operation of backhoes and excavators, biodynamic feedthrough causes control performance degradation. This work utilizes a previously developed advanced backhoe user interface which uses coordinated position control with haptic feedback, using a SensAble Omni six degree-of-freedom haptic display device. Backhoe user interface designers and our own experiments indicate that biodynamic feedthrough produces undesirable oscillations in output with conventionally controlled backhoes and excavators, and it is even more of a problem with this advanced user interface. Results indicate that the coordinated control provides more intuitive operation, and the haptic feedback relays meaningful information back to the user. But the biodynamic feedthrough problem must be overcome in order for this improved interface to be applicable. For the purposes of reducing model complexity, the system is limited to a single degree of freedom, using fore-aft motion only. This paper investigates what types of controller-based methods of compensation for biodynamic feedthrough are most effective in backhoe operation, and how they can be implemented and tested with human operators.