Essential Factors of Active Transportation: Analysis and Recommendations for Downtown Atlanta
Baxter, John Taylor
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This paper will examine the policies, procedures, and practices that government and transportation officials and bicycle and pedestrian advocates should pursue in order to effectively promote active transportation options. We will first present the case for pursuing active transportation—defined as bicycling or walking for purposes of transportation—and give an overview of the state of cycling and walking in the United States and selected nations with advanced pedestrian and bicycle systems. We will then turn to our central purpose, which is to assist officials and advocates in prioritizing their efforts and resources through the identification of the essential elements of improving active transportation levels. This will be accomplished through a literature review, statistical analysis, and the qualitative examination and application of real-world examples. Analysis of the influence and effectiveness of aspects of active transportation will allow us to determine their relative importance in encouraging individuals to choose bicycling and walking. We will then tailor this analysis Downtown Atlanta and its particular active transportation issues, and will use these policy recommendations to propose key aspects of potential initiatives to improve the area’s bicycle and pedestrian levels.