The design, synthesis, and characterization of polymethine dyes for all-optical signal processing applications
Matichak, Jonathan D.
MetadataShow full item record
Material development is necessary before all-optical signal processing (AOSP) can be realized. Traditional AOSP will require materials with a large magnitude of the real part of the third-order polarizability, while having a small imaginary magnitude of third-order polarizability. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the potential for polymethine dyes to be used for AOSP applications. The basic structure of a polymethine dye was synthetically modified in a variety of positions to observe the effects upon the linear and nonlinear optical properties. The modifications included variation in the terminal group, substituents in the polymethine bridge, and exchange of the counterion. The dyes were generally synthesized using the Vilsmeyer-Haack reaction to form simple polymethine precursors, and then complexity was added by performing the Knoevenagel condensation with various acceptors and the polymethine precursor. Ion metathesis was often employed to exchange the initial counterion for a counterion that provided increased solubility in common organic solvents. The third-order nonlinear optical polarizabilities were characterized by Dr. Joel Hales who used the open- and closed-aperture Z-scan technique at 1300 nm and non-degenerate two-photon absorption experiments to identify the position of the two-photon absorption bands.