Towards Grounding Concepts for Transfer in Goal Learning from Demonstration
Thomaz, Andrea L.
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We aim to build robots that frame the task learning problem as goal inference so that they are natural to teach and meet people's expectations for a learning partner. The focus of this work is the scenario of a social robot that learns task goals from human demonstrations without prior knowledge of high-level concepts. In the system that we present, these discrete concepts are grounded from low-level continuous sensor data through unsupervised learning, and task goals are subsequently learned on them using Bayesian inference. The grounded concepts are derived from the structure of the Learning from Demonstration (LfD) problem and exhibit degrees of prototypicality. These concepts can be used to transfer knowledge to future tasks, resulting in faster learning of those tasks. Using sensor data taken during demonstrations to our robot from five human teachers, we show the expressivity of using grounded concepts when learning new tasks from demonstration. We then show how the learning curve improves when transferring the knowledge of grounded concepts to future tasks.