Large Effective-Strain Piezoelectric Actuators Using Nested Cellular Architecture with Exponential Strain Amplification Mechanisms

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Title: Large Effective-Strain Piezoelectric Actuators Using Nested Cellular Architecture with Exponential Strain Amplification Mechanisms
Author: Ueda, Jun ; Secord, Thomas W. ; Asada, H. Harry
Abstract: Design and analysis of piezoelectric actuators having over 20% effective strain using an exponential strain amplification mechanism are presented in this paper. Piezoelectric ceramic material, such as lead zirconate titanate (PZT), has large stress and bandwidth, but its extremely small strain, i.e., only 0.1%, has been a major bottleneck for broad applications. This paper presents a new strain amplification design, called a “nested rhombus” multilayer mechanism, that increases strain exponentially through its hierarchical cellular structure. This allows for over 20% effective strain. In order to design the whole actuator structure, not only the compliance of piezoelectric material but also the compliance of the amplification structures needs to be taken into account. This paper addresses how the output force and displacement are attenuated by the compliance involved in the strain amplification mechanism through kinematic and static analysis. An insightful lumped parameter model is proposed to quantify the performance degradation and facilitate design tradeoffs. A prototype-nested PZT cellular actuator that weighs only 15 g has produced 21% effective strain (2.5 mm displacement from 12-mm actuator length and 30 mm width) and 1.7 N blocking force.
Description: ©2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. DOI: 10.1109/TMECH.2009.2034973
Type: Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1853/42282
ISSN: 1083-4435
Citation: Jun Ueda, Thomas Secord, Harry Asada, "Large Effective-Strain Piezoelectric Actuators Using Nested Cellular Architecture with Exponential Strain Amplification Mechanisms," IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 770-782, 2010
Date: 2010-10
Contributor: Georgia Institute of Technology. Center for Robotics and Intelligent Machines
Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. d'Arbeloff Laboratory for Information Systems and Technology
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Subject: Actuators
Fflexible structures
Piezoelectric transducers

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