Policy and Concentration of Activities: The Case of Dutch Nanotechnology
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Proximity influences collaboration. This makes proximity a logical starting point for management and policy intervention in order to stimulate collaboration. In this paper, we analyze three types of proximity, namely organizational, technological and geographical proximity. The role of these proximities in stimulating collaboration is estimated with the help of a sample of European nanotechnology publications. While organizational proximity is significant it is the least important of the three kinds of proximity. Geographical proximity is most significant in statistical terms and technological proximity has the highest magnitude of effect. Consequently, the latter lends itself most for management and policy intervention.