Evaluation System Barriers for the Third Mission in the Universities
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In recent years, the European Commission and the OECD have emphasized the need of a cultural change in universities to foster the so-called Third Mission. Otherwise, different researches have proved a growing role of the regional governments in regional innovation systems in these practices performance (Edler et al. 2003; Cooke et al. 1996; Leydesdorff, L. and Meyer, M., 2007). Today, Spanish regional governments contribute, from their respective budgets, to fund the Spanish research system, with an amount equivalent to 60% of the central government's competitive R&D subsidies (Sanz, 2005). In addition, innovation becomes the main goal to the regional systems as an important instrument for both, regional development and human capital promotion (González Ramos and González de la Fe, 2004). This paper examines the sociological aspects of both, the researchers’ motivation and attitudes towards cooperation with the private sector. It has been detected through in-depth interviews, that many researchers consider evaluation system as a barrier for public-private cooperation. For this reason, all the conditions are studied stressing the regional innovation policies influence. Moreover, a special attention is putting on the individual evaluation research system, determining the scientific dynamics. The main contribution of this work is to assess the regional systems studied, according the recent turn to innovation. The research reported is based on both, legal documents and in-depth interviews, with different professional profiles from the four regions studied. The profiles are experienced scientists in policy-making or R&D management, particularly those who involved in the Technology Transfer Offices and the research groups directors.