A calibration methodology for energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence measurements based upon synthetically generated reference spectra
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This research developed an on-line measurement systemfor determining the amount of fluorochemicals on carpet fibers using energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF).This system is designed as a complementary tool to an existingchemical burn test certified by the American Association ofTextile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC), which is performed off-line on randomly selected carpet samples and time consuming.This research reviewed XRF principles and determined parameters that affect XRF spectra such as measurement time, measurement number, X-ray tube voltage, X-ray tube current, primary beam filter, and carpet characteristics. For this application, XRF calibrations must be performed for carpets of all styles and types. However, preparing actual carpet calibration samples is expensive. This research introduced a methodology to synthetically generate reference spectra using XRF spectra from standard fluorochemical stock solution samples and from base carpet samples for each carpet type to be tested. Thus, actual, physical standards are not required for each carpet type or style. This study showed that the synthetically generated XRF spectra alone were not always sufficient to guarantee the confidence interval required by the certified AATCC test. Thus, it is recommended that for on-line implementation, burn test results should be used to create a historical data base for each carpet type to reduce margin of error for calibrations generated from the synthetic spectra.