A methodology for designing staggered pattern charge collectors
Marshall, Blake Ryan
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With higher frequencies now being used in RFID systems, antennas are becoming much smaller resulting in more space on tags that can be used for innovative array designs to harvest more wireless energy. This master's thesis outlines and details a new methodology for designing and simulating the staggered pattern charge collector, a technique to improve harvesting wireless energy. Staggered pattern charge collectors enable RFID tag's to produce a higher DC voltage from a charge pump circuit by creatively using multiple arrays to increase the antenna power conversion gain without limiting the half power beamwidth. This thesis discusses the basics of patch antennas and charge pumps as well as an optimization technique for the staggered pattern array by maximizing integrated power conversion gain (IPCG). An example of a staggered pattern charge collector is fully specified from design through simulation, in preparation for fabrication. This methodology allows for the staggered pattern charge collectors to be designed, simulated, and fabricated quickly and effectively.