Measuring Segregation of the Poor
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In this paper I propose a poverty segregation curve to measure inequality in the distribution of the poor. Axioms of relative income inequality are reformulated for the poverty segregation curve and a generalized segregation curve is proposed. The segregation analysis is applied to study regional concentration of the poor in India in the last two decades. Various measures of segregation indicate that although poverty has declined over a period of time in almost all regions, there is a significant increase in the segregation of the poor in some regions in India.