Sampling Heuristics for Optimal Motion Planning in High Dimensions
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We present a sampling-based motion planner that improves the performance of the probabilistically optimal RRT* planning algorithm. Experiments demonstrate that our planner finds a fast initial path and decreases the cost of this path iteratively. We identify and address the limitations of RRT* in high-dimensional configuration spaces. We introduce a sampling bias to facilitate and accelerate cost decrease in these spaces and a simple node-rejection criteria to increase efficiency. Finally, we incorporate an existing bi-directional approach to search which decreases the time to find an initial path. We analyze our planner on a simple 2D navigation problem in detail to show its properties and test it on a difficult 7D manipulation problem to show its effectiveness. Our results consistently demonstrate improved performance over RRT*.