Were those coconuts or horse hoofs? Visual context effects on identification and veracity of everyday sounds
Bonebright, Terri L.
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This study examined whether visual context has an effect on the identification of everyday sounds. Scenes portraying actions that lead to everyday sounds were paired with the actual sounds, acoustically similar sounds and acoustically contrasting sounds Participants identified sounds, rated their confidence on the identifications and the veracity of the sounds. Results showed that participants identified the actual and contrasting sounds correctly more often than the similar sounds, which were frequently incorrectly identified as the sound that occurred from the action in the visual scene. However, the confidence ratings for their identifications were lower for the similar sounds, and they rated them as less realistic than the actual sounds. Thus, even though similar sounds were misidentified, participants did recognize that the sounds were not quite correct.