Bio-inspired noise robust auditory features
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The purpose of this work is to investigate a series of biologically inspired modifications to state-of-the-art Mel- frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) that may improve automatic speech recognition results. We have provided recommendations to improve speech recognition results de- pending on signal-to-noise ratio levels of input signals. This work has been motivated by noise-robust auditory features (NRAF). In the feature extraction technique, after a signal is filtered using bandpass filters, a spatial derivative step is used to sharpen the results, followed by an envelope detector (recti- fication and smoothing) and down-sampling for each filter bank before being compressed. DCT is then applied to the results of all filter banks to produce features. The Hidden- Markov Model Toolkit (HTK) is used as the recognition back-end to perform speech recognition given the features we have extracted. In this work, we investigate the role of filter types, window size, spatial derivative, rectification types, smoothing, down- sampling and compression and compared the final results to state-of-the-art Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC). A series of conclusions and insights are provided for each step of the process. The goal of this work has not been to outperform MFCCs; however, we have shown that by changing the compression type from log compression to 0.07 root compression we are able to outperform MFCCs for all noisy conditions.