Enviromentally benign synthesis and application of some spinel ferrite nanopartilces
Vaughan, Lisa Ann
MetadataShow full item record
In this thesis, the commercial viability of the aminolytic synthesis method is explored through robustness, versatility, and waste reduction studies. We report the preparation of metal precursors and the development of a synthetic approach using an aminolytic reaction of metal carboxylates in oleylamine and non-coordinating solvent. Manganese doping in the cobalt ferrites allows for the investigation of the couplings. All the compositions in the series Co1-xMnxFe2O4, 0.0 x 1.0 were synthesized via the aminolytic reaction. The coercivity decreases with increasing Mn2+ concentration due to reducing of high magnetic anisotropy ion (Co2+) content. To our knowledge, this work is the first completed series of Co1-xMnxFe2O4. The method is used to synthesize manganese ferrites dope with chromium. This allows for the investigation of the effects of orbital momentum quantum coupling. All the compositions of MnFe2-xCrxO4, x= 0.0, 0.05, 0.13, 0.25, 0.43, 0.62, and 0.85, were synthesized via the In-situ aminolytic method. Chromium concentration weakens the couplings resulting in the decrease in overall magnetic moment. All by-products can be recycled for re-utilization. The "mother" solution can be used for multiple batches without treatment. Our trials have shown that the reaction could undergo ten reactions using the same solution without scarifying the quality or yield of the product. Finally, an environmental application is explored through the use of iron oxides. Samples of goethite, maghemite, magnetite, and hematite were synthesized and characterized. These nanoparticles were exposed to arsenic and chromium solutions to measure the percent uptake of contaminant by each phase. Adsorption isotherms were plotted to obtain Freundlich parameters. The adsorption constant (K) averages over a 400% increase on literature values. We synthesized hematite and maghemite core-shell particles and exposed them to arsenite and maghemite core-shell particles have the higher removal affinity due to their smaller size.