Calibration of the hcm 2010 roundabout capacity equations for georgia conditions
Barry, Christina Danielle
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There is increased interest in building modern roundabouts in Georgia and in the United States because of the safety and operational benefits that can be realized from this type of intersection. With this interest comes the increasing need to be able to estimate the capacity that a roundabout can provide after it is built. In the early 2000s, a National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) study was conducted that, among other tasks, developed single-lane and multi-lane roundabout capacity estimation equations. These equations, presented in the Highway Capacity Manual 2010 (HCM 2010), can be calibrated using locally determined values of follow-up headway and critical headway. This study was designed to calibrate the HCM 2010 roundabout capacity equation for single-lane roundabouts to driving conditions in Georgia. In order to develop estimates of the calibration parameters, video imagery was recorded for 13 approaches at six roundabouts in Georgia for approximately two hours during the peak period. A total of 29.5 hours of video was recorded. Data from three of these roundabouts forms the basis of this thesis. The videos were processed by a Java program to collect time stamps that were subsequently used in Microsoft Excel to calculate the follow-up and critical headway values required for calibration. The values of critical headway and follow-up headway that were found from the video data are presented in the results as well as the single-lane capacity equations calibrated from the data. Two types of analysis were done, one that includes exiting vehicles and one that does not include exiting vehicles. When exiting vehicles were excluded, the weighted average of follow-up and critical headway were found to be 3.46 and 4.17 seconds respectively and when exiting vehicles were included in the analysis the weighted averages of the follow-up and critical headway were found to be 2.80 seconds and 3.34 seconds respectively. It was found that exiting vehicles do have an impact on the operations at the roundabout in most cases, and including exiting vehicles in the analysis tends to increase the capacity predicted by the calibrated equations.