Concurrent Filtering and Smoothing
Leonard, John J.
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This paper presents a novel algorithm for integrating real-time filtering of navigation data with full map/trajectory smoothing. Unlike conventional mapping strategies, the result of loop closures within the smoother serve to correct the real-time navigation solution in addition to the map. This solution views filtering and smoothing as different operations applied within a single graphical model known as a Bayes tree. By maintaining all information within a single graph, the optimal linear estimate is guaranteed, while still allowing the filter and smoother to operate asynchronously. This approach has been applied to simulated aerial vehicle sensors consisting of a high-speed IMU and stereo camera. Loop closures are extracted from the vision system in an external process and incorporated into the smoother when discovered. The performance of the proposed method is shown to approach that of full batch optimization while maintaining real-time operation.