Organic Semiconductors for Flexible Printed Electronics
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Advances during the last 30 years in the synthesis and processing of organic materials with nonlinear optical and semiconducting properties, have fueled the emergence of a new technology that can potentially lead to low cost, flexible, and large area plastic optoelectronic devices and systems. Recent research breakthroughs in light-emitting diodes for displays and lighting, solar cells for portable power, and thin-film transistors are bringing flexible electronic technologies closer to commercialization. However, despite these technological advances, many challenges still remain in understanding the fundamental physical properties of the organic semiconductors used as active layers and the contacts they form at interfaces with adjacent organic layers or other materials used as electrodes. In this talk, we will discuss selected examples of recent advances made in developing new materials and device architectures that lead to organic light-emitting diodes, organic solar cells, and field-effect transistors with superior performance and stability. In particular, we will review several strategies that were employed to control the work function of electrodes and show how these approaches can be used to design organic solar cells with novel geometries. We will also present studies of the operational and environmental stability of flexible organic field-effect transistors that are comprised of a dual-layer gate dielectric. This architecture was found to yield to devices with unprecedented stability. Finally, we will discuss some of the challenges and future directions of this disruptive emerging technology platform.
- Nano@Tech Lecture Series