Wetlands Creation and Restoration of Functional Values at a Titanium Mineral Operation Along Trail Ridge in Northeast Florida
Samborski, Jon A.
Miller, Michael A.
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DuPont has been mining titanium minerals from a deposit along Trail Ridge in northeast Florida for approximately 40 years. The ridge extends into southeast Georgia and contains significant concentrations of titanium and other heavy minerals. The creation of wetlands on lands impacted by mining is an essential part of DuPont's reclamation program. The restoration of important ecological functional values such as hydrology, water quality, soils, vegetation, macro invertebrate and fish populations, and wildlife usage has been monitored on three created systems. Comparison of these parameters with "natural" systems shows that the ecological values are being successfully restored. An overview of DuPont's mining operations and results from the wetlands restoration programs are presented.