Genetic and physical interaction of Sgt2 protein with prion-chaperone machinery
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The word "Prion" refers to self-perpetuating protein aggregates that cause neurodegenerative diseases in mammals. It is a protein isoform that has undergone a conformational change which converts the normal form of the protein into the infectious form with the same amino acid sequence. Yeast [PSI+] prion is the prion isoform of Sup35 protein, a translation termination factor eRF3. It has been suggested that prion [PSI+] is controlled by the ensemble of chaperones with Hsp104 playing the major role. The previous work performed in the Chernoffs lab showed that the defective GET pathway caused by get led to the defect in [PSI+] curing by excess Hsp104. The GET pathway is a system responsible for transporting newly synthesized TA-protein to the ER membrane, and the components which have been proven to be involved in this pathway include: Get1, Get2, Get3, Get4, Get5 and Sgt2. In this study we describe the mechanism underlying the effect of the defective GET pathway on [PSI+]. We demonstrate that Sgt2, one of the components of GET pathway, interacts with Sup35 in both [PSI+] and [psi-] strains through its prion domain. Overproduction of Sgt2 and Hsp70-Ssa is triggered by the defective GET pathway and leads to the protection of [PSI+] aggregates from curing by excess Hsp104. We show that the direct interaction between Sgt2 and Hsp70-Ssa is not required for this protective effect.