Integrated electronics design for high-frequency intravascular ultrasound imaging
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Close integration of front-end electronics and the transducer array within the catheter is critical for successful implementation of CMUT-based intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging catheters to enable next generation imaging tools. Therefore, this research developed and implemented custom-designed electronic circuits and systems integrated with an IC compatible transducer technology for realization of miniature IVUS imaging catheters operating at 10-50 MHz frequency range. In one path of this research, an IC is custom designed in a 0.35-um CMOS process to monolithically integrate with a CMUT array (CMUT-on-CMOS) to realize a single-chip, highly-flexible, forward-looking (FL) IVUS imaging system. The amplifiers that are custom-designed achieved transducer thermal-mechanical noise dominated receive performance in a CMUT-on-CMOS implementation. In parallel to the FL-IVUS effort, for realization of a side-looking IVUS catheter based on an annular phased array, a dynamic receive beamformer IC is custom designed also in a 0.35-um CMOS process. Overall, the circuits and systems developed as part of this dissertation form a critical step in the translation of the research on CMUT-based IVUS catheters into real clinical applications for better management of coronary arterial diseases.