Quantum-chemical investigation of second-order nonlinear optical chromophores: Comparison of strong nitrile-based acceptor end groups and role of auxiliary donors and acceptors
Jen, A. K.-Y.
Marder, Seth R.
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We report a detailed quantum-chemical investigation of donor-acceptor substituted dipolar nonlinear optical chromophores incorporating the 4-(dimethylamino)phenyl donor end group and a variety of strong heterocyclic acceptor end groups, including tricyanofurans and tricyanopyrroles. In particular, we study the variation of the molecular second-order polarizability (β) with the acceptor end group and when inserting auxiliary donors (thiophene) and acceptors (thiazole) into the π bridge. Both finite-field calculations (in the context of local contributions) and sum-over-states calculations were carried out in order to probe the relationship between β and the chemical structure of the various chromophores. The trends obtained with these two methods are fully consistent. The large β values (up to 700×10 ⁻³⁰ esu) as well as the observed tunability of the optical absorption maximum (λmax) make the chromophores investigated here interesting candidates for use in electro-optic applications at telecommunications wavelengths.
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