An idealized model for nonequilibrium dynamics in molecular systems
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The nonequilibrium dynamics of highly nonlinear and multidimensional systems can give rise to emergent chemical behavior which can often be tracked using low-dimensional order parameters such as a reaction path. Such behavior cannot be readily surmised by stationary projected stochastic representations such as those described by the Langevin equation or the generalized Langevin equation (GLE). The irreversible generalized Langevin equation (iGLE) contains a nonstationary friction kernel that in certain limits reduces to the GLE with space-dependent friction. For more general forms of the friction kernel, the iGLE was previously shown to be the projection of a mechanical system with a time-dependent Hamiltonian [ R. Hernandez, J. Chem. Phys. 110, 7701 (1999) ]. In the present work, the corresponding open Hamiltonian system is shown to be amenable to numerical integration despite the presence of a nonlocal term. Simulations of this mechanical system further confirm that the time dependence of the observed total energy and the correlations of the solvent force are in precise agreement with the projected iGLE. This extended nonstationary Hamiltonian is thus amenable to the study of nonequilibrium bounds and fluctuation theorems.
- COPE Publications