Shock compression response of aluminum-based intermetallic-forming reactive systems
Specht, Paul Elliott
MetadataShow full item record
Heterogeneities at the meso-scale strongly influence the shock compression response of composite materials. These heterogeneities arise from both structural variations and differing physical/mechanical properties between constituents. In mixtures of reactive materials, such as Ni and Al, the meso-scale heterogeneities greatly affect component mixing and activation, which, in turn, can induce a chemical reaction. Cold-rolled multilayered composites of Ni and Al provide a unique system for studying the effects of material heterogeneities on a propagating shock wave, due to their full density, periodic layering, and intimate particle contacts. Computational analysis of the shock compression response of fully dense Ni/Al multilayered composites is performed with real, heterogeneous microstructures, obtained from optical microscopy, using the Eulerian hydrocode CTH. Changes in the orientation, density, structure, and strength of the material interfaces, as well as the strength of the constituents, are used to understand the influence microstructure plays on the multilayered composite response at high strain rates. The results show a marked difference in the dissipation and dispersion of the shock wave as the underlying microstructure varies. These variations can be attributed to the development of two-dimensional effects and the nature of the wave reflections and interactions. Validation of the computational results is then obtained through time-resolved measurements (VISAR, PDV, and PVDF stress gauges) performed during uniaxial strain plate-on-plate impact experiments. The experimental results prove that the computational method accurately represents the multilayered composites, thereby justifying the conclusions and trends extracted from the simulations. The reaction response of cold-rolled multilayer composites is also investigated and characterized using uniaxial stress rod-on-anvil impact experiments through post-mortem microscopy and x-ray diffraction. This extensive understanding of the shock compression response of the multilayers systems is contrasted with other composites of Ni and Al, including shock consolidated and pressed (porous) powder compacts. A comprehensive design space is then developed to assist in the understanding and design of Ni/Al composites under conditions of high pressure shock compression. Research funded by ONR/MURI grant No. N00014-07-1-0740.