Kinetics of autocausticization using borates in a black liquor gasification process
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The path of research in the pulp and paper industry is heading towards the elimination of the lime cycle, which requires large amounts of energy, and changing the conventional recovery boiler system to a gasification process that will reduce the possibility of smelt water explosions while meeting future environmental regulations. Research has been carried out on both gasification processes and on causticizing processes that can replace or complement the lime cycle, however very little research has gone into the actual kinetics of causticization using black liquor in gasification processes. This research project fills in some of the missing knowledge in the area of kinetics of autocausticization reactions, which entails the use of borates as the autocausticizing agent. A temperature dependent kinetic model coupled with a mass transfer coefficient has been developed and compared to experimental data.