Turbo-Like Coding for Spread-Spectrum Communications
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This thesis studies advanced error control schemes using turbo-like codes, turbo-like coded modulations, turbo hybrid-ARQ (Automatic Repeat reQuest) schemes, and rate compatible puncturing techniques for reliable and adaptive commercial and tactical spread-spectrum communications, especially for code-division multiple access (CDMA) cellular systems and direct-sequence (DS) and frequency-hopping (FH) anti-jam systems. Furthermore, we utilize both the maximum-likelihood (ML) bounding techniques and convergence analysis to design and analyze various turbo-like coding schemes that show different behaviors in error performance from conventional trellis coding schemes. In the area of DS-CPM, we propose a DS concatenated coded CPM system for pulse-noise jamming channels and an anti-jam iterative receiver utilizing jammer state information. We also design a mixed concatenated CPM system that mixes CPM schemes with different convergence characteristics. In addition, we present the ML bound and convergence analysis for the jamming channel. In the area of FH-CPM, we propose anti-jam serially concatenated slow FH-CPM systems, whose phase is continuous during each hop interval, along with coherent and non-coherent iterative receivers. We also propose an iterative jamming estimation technique for the iterative receiver. In the area of multi-h CPM, we propose a power- and bandwidth-efficient serially concatenated multi-h CPM along with an appropriate iterative receiver structure. Serially concatenated multi-h CPM is shown to outperform single-h CPM. To design adaptive and versatile error control schemes using turbo-like codes for packet-data networks, we propose turbo hybrid-ARQ (HARQ) and rate compatible puncturing techniques for retransmission. In the area of turbo hybrid-ARQ, we propose a Type-I turbo HARQ scheme using a concatenated RS-turbo code and a packet combining technique for W-CDMA system to improve the performance of error and decoding latency. The W-CDMA system including the fast power control and coherent Rake receiver with a channel estimation technique for multipath fading channels is considered. Finally, in the area of rate compatible punctured turbo-like codes, we propose rate compatible punctured turbo (RCPT) codes and rate compatible punctured serially concatenated convolutional (RCPS) codes along with their puncturing methods. In addition, we propose Type-II RCPT-HARQ and RCPS-HARQ schemes to perform an efficient incremental redundancy retransmission.