An Empirical Evaluation of Human Figure Tracking Using Switching Linear Models
Patrick, Hugh Alton, Jr.
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One of the difficulties of human figure tracking is that humans move their bodies in complex, non-linear ways. An effective computational model of human motion could therefore be of great benefit in figure tracking. We are interested in the use of a class of dynamic models called switching linear dynamic systems for figure tracking. This thesis makes two contributions. First, we present an empirical analysis of some of the technical issues involved with applying linear dynamic systems to figure tracking. The lack of high-level theory in this area makes this type of empirical study valuable and necessary. We show that sensitivity of these models to perturbations in input is a central issue in their application to figure tracking. We also compare different types of LDS models and identification algorithms. Second, we describe 2-DAFT, a flexible software framework we have created for figure tracking. 2-DAFT encapsulates data and code involved in different parts of the tracking problem in a number of modules. This architecture leads to flexibility and makes it easy to implement new tracking algorithms.