High Pressure Phase Equilibria in the Carbon Dioxide + Pyrrole System
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The objectives of this work are to measure phase equilibria in the carbon dioxide + pyrrole system and to correlate and predict the phase behavior of this system with a thermodynamic model. This binary system is of interest due to the growing applications of supercritical carbon dioxide as a solvent or reaction medium for pyrrole. Polypyrrole is an electrically conducting polymer of interest in a number of applications such as anti-static coatings. Pyrrole has also been used as a reactant in enzymatic reaction. Knowledge of the phase behavior of carbon dioxide + pyrrole system is therefore necessary for evaluating optimal conditions and feasibility of such applications. Phase equilibria in the carbon dioxide + pyrrole system were measured at 313 K, 323 K, and 333 K using a synthetic method. Liquid-vapor (LV) phase behavior and liquid-liquid (LL) phase behavior were observed. The pressure in the experiments ranged from 84 to 151.1 bar. The Patel-Teja equation of state and the Mathias-Klotz-Prausnitz mixing rule with two temperature independent parameters was able to correlate the phase equilibrium data satisfactorily and was used to predict the phase behavior at other temperatures. A pressure-temperature diagram was then constructed from these calculations and suggests that the carbon dioxide + pyrrole system exhibit type IV phase behavior in the classification of Scott and van Konynenburg.