Surface Biological Modification and Cellular Interactions of Magnetic Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles
Heintz, Eva Liang-Huang
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Surface Biological Modification and Cellular Interactions of Magnetic Spinel Nanoparticles Eva Liang-Huang Heintz 191 Pages Directed by Dr. Z. John Zhang The interest in magnetic nanoparticles is multi-dimensional. Fundamentally, it is important to be able to control their magnetic properties and to correlate to specific applications. In biology, magnetic nanoparticles offer promising potential as magnetic carriers or chaperones for magnetic localization and manipulation of therapeutic reagents. The synthesis of superparamagnetic CoFe2-xSmxO4 nanoparticles and the tunability of their magnetic properties by size and composition variations are discussed. An increase in size of CoSm0.19Fe1.81O4 nanoparticles produced an increase in blocking temperature and saturation magnetization, but a non-linear coercitivity response was observed with change in size. By varying the composition, the saturation magnetization of CoFe2-xSmxO4 decreased dramatically while the coercitivity increased when compared to native cobalt spinel ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles. These results demonstrate how the magnetic properties of cobalt spinel ferrite nanoparticles can be tailored to specific applications. Surface modifications of cobalt spinel ferrite nanoparticles facilitated the conjugation of oligonucleotides. Using a transfection reagent, CoFe2O4 ??igonucleotide conjugates were delivered into mammalian cells. Post transfection, synchronized movement of cells in response to an external magnetic field was observed. This demonstrated the possibility of magnetic manipulation and localization of therapeutic reagents coupled to CoFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles. Results from this thesis demonstrate the potential role of magnetic spinel nanoparticles in cell biology and will facilitate the progress towards in vivo testing.