Perceiving the 3D World from Images
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When we look at an environment such as a coffee shop, we don't just recognize the objects in isolation, but rather perceive a rich scenery of the 3D space, its objects and all the relations among them. This allows us to effortlessly navigate through the environment, or to interact and manipulate objects in the scene with amazing precision. The past several decades of computer vision research have, on the other hand, addressed the problems of 2D object recognition and 3D space reconstruction as two independent problems. Tremendous progress has been made in both areas. However, while methods for object recognition attempt to describe the scene as a list of class labels, they often make mistakes due to the lack of a coherent understanding of the 3D spatial structure. Similarly, methods for scene 3D modeling can produce accurate metric reconstructions but cannot put the reconstructed scene into a semantically useful form. A major line of work from my group in recent years has been to design intelligent visual models that understand the 3D world by integrating 2D and 3D cues, inspired by what humans do. In this talk I will introduce a novel paradigm whereby objects and 3D space are modeled in a joint fashion to achieve a coherent and rich interpretation of the environment. I will start by giving an overview of our research for detecting objects and determining their geometric properties such as 3D location, pose or shape. Then, I will demonstrate that these detection methods play a critical role for modeling the interplay between objects and space, which in turn, enable simultaneous semantic reasoning and 3D scene reconstruction. I will conclude this talk by demonstrating that our novel paradigm for scene understanding is potentially transformative in application areas such as autonomous or assisted navigation, robotics, automatic 3D modeling of urban environments and surveillance.
- IRIM Seminar Series