Memory for Auditory Icons and Earcons with Localization Cues
Bonebright, Terry L.
Nees, Michael A.
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This study was designed to test whether associations between visual icons on a computer screen and auditory icons (environmental sounds that have a direct association with an object) or earcons (synthetic sounds that have no direct association with an object) are easier to learn. In addition, localization of sound presentation relative to the position of the icons on the screen was tested. Results revealed that participants made faster and more correct matches between visual icons and auditory icons than between visual icons and earcons. The results also suggested that localization may be a useful cue for learning the associations between icons and their auditory counterparts; however, more research is needed to provide conclusive evidence.