Ceramic materials mimicking normal bone surface microstructure and chemistry modulate osteoblast response
Adams, Brandy Rogers
MetadataShow full item record
Bone consists of collagen/hydroxyapatite (HA) composites in which poorly crystalline carbonated calcium phosphate is intercalated within the fibrillar structure. Normal bone mineral is a carbonated-apatite, but there are limited data on the effect of mineral containing carbonate on cell response. Although the exact biological role of silicate in bone formation is unclear, silicate has been identified at trace levels in immature bone and is believed to play a metabolic role in new bone formation. To mimic the inorganic and organic composition of bone we have developed a variety of bone graft substitutes. In the present body of research, we characterized the surface composition of human cortical and trabecular bone. When then characterized the surface compositions of the following potential bone substitutes: carbonated hydroxyapatite (CO₃²-HA), silicated hydroxyapatite (Si-HA), and collagen sponges mineralized with calcium phosphate using the polymer-induced liquid-precursor (PILP) process. In the latter substitutes, the PILP process leads to type I collagen fibrils infiltrated with an amorphous mineral precursor upon which crystallization leads to intrafibrillar HA closely mimicking physiological bone mineral. We then determined the osteoblast-like cell response to each bone substitute to characterize the substrate’s effect on osteoblast differentiation. The observations collectively indicate that cells are sensitive to the formatting of the mineral phase of a bone substitute and that this format can be altered to modulate cell behavior.