Modeling and Control of a Superimposed Steering System
MetadataShow full item record
A superimposed steering system is the combination of a conventional steering system with an electric motor which is used to alter the steering angle imposed by the driver. The potential benefits are increased agility, automatic compensation for lateral wind forces and decreased braking distance (in combination with an electronic stability program). In this thesis we implement a model and a controller for a superimposed steering system thus achieving the first of these potential benefits. The vehicle model is based on the single-track or bicycle model. Unlike most other publications, the motor model in this thesis goes down to the level of the electrical dynamics of the motor. The model is divided into three main modules (vehicle module, steering module and friction module) as well as several submodules to ensure easy adaptability. The overall control objective consists of increasing vehicle agility by achieving a variable ratio between the steering wheel angle and the actual road wheel angle as a function vehicle velocity. We divide the controller into a torque and a current controller. The actual controller is derived in three steps starting from an analog torque controller as well as an analog current controller then moving to a digital torque controller. In doing so we use the model matching, feedback linearization and state feedback control techniques. The model and the controller are evaluated using the parameters of a small truck and different road scenarios. Finally, the Validation Square technique is applied to assess the validity of the results.