Measurement of binary phase equilibria and ternary/quaternary gas antisolvent (GAS) system measurement and analysis
Taylor, Donald Fulton
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The work conducted in this thesis is two-fold. First, binary vapor liquid equilibria of several solvent/CO2 systems are measured at 40 ?? The systems analyzed are all gas-expanded liquids (GXLs) characterized with a Jerguson Cell apparatus. A Jerguson cell is a windowed pressure vessel that allows one to measure the height of the condensed liquid. Using this height and the known overall contents in the cell, one can calculate the liquid composition without using any external sampling. Secondly, this same setup is attached to a sampling system, and solid solubility (fractional crystallization) is measured for various GXL systems. The CO2 acts as an antisolvent in what is commonly known as a gaseous antisolvent (GAS) system. Essentially, this work shows that expansion of the tested solvents with CO2 will cause the precipitation of the solid solute. This work also analyzes the affect two solutes have on each other in a quaternary GAS system. Gas-expanded liquids combine desirable gaseous properties and liquid properties to yield a very useful solvent for many applications. An advantage of GXLs is that a relatively small change in pressure or temperature can greatly affect the solvation properties. The tunability of GXLs increases as the amount of the gas (usually CO2) increases in the liquid phase. With the benign chemical nature and environmental impact of CO2 processing, GXLs and supercritical fluids (SCFs) have garnered a lot of attention for industry and academia. Supercritical fluids in this work refer to pure CO2 above its critical temperature and pressure.