Synthesis of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Nanoparticles Using Modified Emulsion Membranes
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The synthesis of precipitated calcium carbonate nanoparticles with the use of double water in oil emulsion has been developed. Restricting the mass of calcium ions present in the system makes it possible to predict particle size precipitated. A model was developed to calculate the concentration required to synthesize a desired particle size. This model took into account a coalescence factor. The coalescence factor is described at the probability of two emulsion droplets, with separate nucleation processes within them, colliding and forming one nucleation process. The Ca2+ ions diffused through the oil membrane into the emulsion droplets with (CaCO3)2- ions by concentration gradients and facilitated transport. The size and shape of precipitated calcium carbonate synthesized was confirmed using scanning electron microscope and light scattering. Particles ranging from 100 nm to 1200 nm have been synthesized using mass restriction. The effect of temperature on the crystalline structure of precipitated calcium carbonate was studied. This was done by x-ray diffraction, where it was found that calcite was the dominating crystalline structure.