Non-worst-case response time analysis for real-time systems design
MetadataShow full item record
A real-time system is a system such that the correctness of operations depends not only on the logical results, but also on the time at which these results are available. A fundamental problem in designing real-time systems is to analyze response time of operations, which is defined as the time elapsed from the moment when the operation is requested to the moment when the operation is completed. Response time analysis is challenging due to the complex dynamics among operations. A common technique is to study response time under worst-case scenario. However, using worst-case response time may lead to the conservative real-time system designs. To improve the real-time system design, we analyze the non-worst-case response time of operations and apply these results in the design process. The main contribution of this thesis includes mathematical modeling of real-time systems, calculation of non-worst-case response time, and improved real-time system design. We perform analysis and design on three common types of real-time systems as the real-time computing system, real-time communication network, and real-time energy management. For the real-time computing systems, our non-worst-response time analysis leads a necessary and sufficient online schedulability test and a measure of robustness of real-time systems. For the real-time communication network, our non-worst-response time analysis improves the performance for the model predictive control design based on the real-time communication network. For the real-time energy management, we use the non-worst-case response time to check whether the micro-grid can operate independently from the main grid.