Anisotropic Damage Models for Geomaterials: Theoretical and Numerical Challenges
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A new anisotropic damage model for rock is formulated and discussed. Flow rules are derived with the energy release rate conjugate to damage, which is thermodynamically consistent. Drucker–Prager yield function is adapted to make the damage threshold depend on damage energy release rate and to distinguish between tension and compression strength. Positivity of dissipation is ensured by using a nonassociate flow rule for damage, while nonelastic deformation due to damage is computed by an associate flow rule. Simulations show that the model meets thermodynamic requirements, follows a rigorous formulation, and predicts expected trends for damage, deformation and stiffness.