Transit ridership and poverty in urbanized areas: a cross-sectional analysis
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Despite theory claiming that transit provides mobility to the lowest-income members of society, empirical evidence for poverty as a determinant for transit ridership is lacking. Most studies of transit ridership encounter two hurdles. Either they simply try to estimate a demand function, relying on individual perceptions of transit utility, without a response variable that accurately reflects demand, or they miss several important explanatory variables for demand itself. This research proposes a novel and statistically robust multivariate regression model to estimate ridership as the intersection of supply and demand, rather than explaining solely a demand curve. It also adds several explanatory variables to existing models of ridership estimation.