Amine-oxide adsorbents for post-combustion CO₂ capture
Bollini, Praveen P.
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Amine functionalized silicas are promising chemisorbent materials for post-combustion CO₂ capture due to the high density of active sites per unit mass of adsorbent that can be obtained by tuning the synthesis protocol, thus resulting in high equilibrium CO₂ adsorption capacities. However, when compared to physisorbents, they have a few disadvantages. Firstly, oxidative degradation of the amine groups reduces the lifetime of these adsorbent materials. Furthermore, rapid heat release following the reaction between amines and CO₂ results in large local temperature spikes which may adversely affect adsorption equilibria and kinetics. Thirdly, there is a lack of fundamental understanding of CO₂-amine adsorption thermodynamics, which is key to scaling up these materials to an industrial-scale adsorption process. In this dissertation the qualitative and quantitative understanding of these three critical aspects of aminosilica adsorbents have been furthered so these materials can be better evaluated and further tuned as adsorbents for post-combustion CO₂ capture applications.