Applications of reversible and sustainable amine-based chemistries: carbon dioxide capture, in situ amine protection and nanoparticle synthesis
Ethier, Amy Lynn
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A multidisciplinary approach has been applied to the development of sustainable technologies for three industrially relevant projects. Reversible ionic liquids are novel carbon dioxide capture solvents. These non-aqueous silylamines efficiently capture carbon dioxide through chemical and physical absorption and release carbon dioxide with minimal addition of heat. The development of these capture agents aims to eliminate the need for a co-solvent, while minimizing energy loss and achieving solvent recyclability. Also presented is the use of carbon dioxide for amine protection during chemical syntheses. Amine protection is widely used in almost all sectors of chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The use of carbon dioxide as a reversible protecting group reduces solvent waste during protection and deprotection and improves the atom economy of existing processes. Sustainable chemistry has also been applied to the use of reversible ionic liquids as switchable surfactants for nanoparticle synthesis. The reversible ionic liquid system offers two significant advantages toward a more efficient synthesis and deposition of nanoparticles in that an additional surfactant is not required, and due to the reversible nature of the ionic liquids, a facile and waste-reduced deposition method exists.